Ban the box laws that remove the box on applications that job applicants are asked to check if they have a criminal record are now more the rule than the exception for Human Resources professionals when screening applicants. As of March 2018, 30 states and more than 150 cities and counties have ban the box laws, according to the National Employment Law Project (NELP).
States with ban the box laws include Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Hawaii, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Tennessee, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, and Wisconsin.
Some major U.S. cities with ban the box laws include Atlanta, GA; Baltimore, MD; Boston, MA; Charlotte, NC; Chicago, IL; Cincinnati, OH; Detroit, MI; Indianapolis, IN; Kansas City, MO; Los Angeles, CA; New Orleans, LA; New York, NY; Oakland, CA; Philadelphia, PA; Pittsburgh, PA; Portland, OR; San Francisco, CA; Seattle, WA; St. Louis, MO; Tampa, FL; and Washington, D.C.
What is the Purpose of Ban the Box?
The purpose of ban the box is to give applicants with criminal records a fair shot at obtaining employment. By removing the criminal history question, ban the box advocates claim that applicants will not be automatically excluded from consideration for a job because of their past mistakes and can be judged on their knowledge, skills, abilities, and qualifications for the job.
|For more information on ban the box laws, background checks, and salary inquiries join Lester S. Rosen for the webinar: Ban-the-Box, Background Checks, and Salary Inquiries: The Latest Update and Legal Tripwires to Avoid, on Wednesday, March 28, 2018. Click here to reserve your spot today!
By giving ex-offenders with criminal records a fair chance at employment, the argument is that all Americans benefit since ban the box laws remove barriers for employment for ex-offenders and lowers “recidivism”—the tendency of ex-offenders to reoffend—allowing the country to spend more resources on schools and hospitals and less on prisons and law enforcement.
In some states and counties, ban the box has morphed into a more extensive “fair chance” hiring process that may dictate not only when an employer may ask about a criminal record but also place other duties on employers, such as processes to consider criminal records and notifications to an applicant.
What Does the EEOC Think of Ban the Box?
The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC)—the agency responsible for enforcing federal laws prohibiting employment discrimination—also endorsed a ban the box approach for private employers in its “Enforcement Guidance on the Consideration of Arrest and Conviction Records in Employment Decisions Under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.”
According to the EEOC: “As a best practice, and consistent with applicable laws, the Commission recommends that employers not ask about convictions on job applications and that, if and when they make such inquiries, the inquiries be limited to convictions for which exclusion would be job related for the position in question and consistent with business necessity.”
How Many People are Potentially Affected by Ban the Box Laws?
Ban the box is here to stay. According to the NELP, “there are now over 226 million people in the United States—over two-thirds of the U.S. population—that live in a jurisdiction with some form of ban-the-box or fair-chance policy.” Employers may want to consider following ban the box rules even if their firms are not located in a jurisdiction with ban the box laws.
|Attorney Lester S. Rosen is Founder and CEO of Employment Screening Resources® (ESR), a global background check firm located in the San Francisco, California-area that is accredited by the National Association of Professional Background Screeners (NAPBS). He is a nationally recognized background check expert and the author of The Safe Hiring Manual, the first comprehensive guide to employment screening. He is a frequent presenter on safe hiring issues, and his speaking appearances for “ESR Speaks” include numerous state and national conferences.
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