Some hiring managers have a very clear idea of who they’re looking for to fill a role.
Too often, this causes them to fixate on requirements for job candidates that they assume are critical – but actually may not be all that important in practice. For example, hiring managers want someone with X years of experience in their industry, preferably working X years at certain companies. Candidates must have mastered a variety of skills from A-Z. Or, especially for entry-level roles, hiring managers may target graduates from a certain school, with a specific major and minimum GPA.